Synthetic cannabis is primarily a combination of natural herbs and synthesized chemicals, intended to cause effects similar to those of marijuana. It’s sold under various brand names, especially K2 and spice. These terms are commonly applied to any form of synthetic cannabis, regardless of the actual brand name. Additional street names for this product include “fake weed,” “Bombay Blue” and “Black Mamba.”
The specific ingredients in synthetic cannabis can vary significantly, as no standard formulation exists for this drug. Synthetic cannabis is a new designer drug, so the risks of long-term use are currently unclear, making any use of it potentially very risky. You can find a reputable K2 or spice addiction recovery center by calling 1-888-319-2606 Who Answers? today.
Ingredients in Synthetic Cannabis
“Synthetic cannabis is primarily a combination of natural herbs and synthesized chemicals, intended to cause effects similar to those of marijuana.”
Several of the ingredients in synthetic cannabis produce mild psychoactive effects, so the resulting blend has a significant intoxicating effect similar to that of marijuana. Active ingredients commonly found in synthetic cannabis include the following:
- Canavalia maritime
- Nymphaea caerulea
- Pedicularis densiflora
- Leonotis leonurus
- Leonurus sibiricus
- Nelumbo nucifera
- Scutellaria nana
- Zornia latifolia
Scientific analysis of the ingredients in synthetic cannabis has shown that many of the ingredients listed on the package are not actually present in the product. Synthetic cannabis frequently contains a large concentration of synthetic tocopherol, although this ingredient is not listed on the package. The German government conducted an assessment in 2008 that was unable to determine all of the significant ingredients in synthetic cannabis. It is therefore unclear whether the effects of this drug are primarily caused by the natural herbs or the synthetic chemicals.
Use of K2 and Spice
Synthetic cannabis was first developed in the early 2000s and first sold under the name “spice” in 2004. The National Institute on Drug Abuse reports that synthetic cannabis is most popular among high school seniors and is second only to marijuana. Twice as many boys in this age group use synthetic cannabis as girls, according to self-reports in 2012. The primary reasons for its popularity are likely the perception that synthetic cannabis is a natural product as well as its easy access. The fact that the ingredients in this product aren’t typically detected in standard drug tests is also a contributing factor to its popularity. Call our K2 and spice recovery hotline at 1-888-319-2606 Who Answers? to talk about rehab and recovery treatment options for addiction to synthetic marijuana.
Scientists have not yet conducted official studies on the effects of synthetic cannabis. The most common effects that are not generally caused by marijuana include agitation and vomiting, although these effects are primarily associated with high doses. Dr. John W. Huffman was the first person to synthesize many of the artificial ingredients in synthetic cannabis, also known as synthetic cannabinoids. He has stated that no one should use synthetic cannabis because its effects are unknown.
“Scientists have not yet conducted official studies on the effects of synthetic cannabis.”
One user has reported using 3 grams of the Spice Gold brand of synthetic cannabis per day for several months. The doctors who treated him stated that this patient exhibited signs of addiction and experienced withdrawal symptoms when he stopped using the product. Another patient who had previously experienced psychotic episodes while smoking marijuana reported that his symptoms recurred when he began using spice. His psychiatrists noted that marijuana contains cannabidiol, which is a natural antipsychotic drug. The lack of an antipsychotic drug in synthetic cannabis may increase the probability of a psychotic episode compared to marijuana.
Patients who are at risk for psychosis should abstain from any substance that contains synthetic cannabinoids. K2 use is associated with an increased risk of myocardial infarctions. Synthetic cannabinoids may also increase the chances of convulsions in the user. Find the best facility for treating a dependence on synthetic cannabis by calling us at 1-888-319-2606 Who Answers? . When you call our K2/spice addiction recovery hotline, we can point you toward the best addiction recovery program options in your area.